Hans de Goede (hansdegoede) wrote,
Hans de Goede

Unlocking the bootloader and disabling dm-verity on Android-X86 devices

For the hw-enablement for Bay- and Cherry-Trail devices which I do as a side project, sometimes it is useful to play with the Android which comes pre-installed on some of these devices.

Sometimes the Android-X86 boot-loader (kerneflinger) is locked and the standard "Developer-Options" -> "Enable OEM Unlock" -> "Run 'fastboot oem unlock'" sequence does not work (e.g. I got the unlock yes/no dialog, and could move between yes and no, but I could not actually confirm the choice).

Luckily there is an alternative, kernelflinger checks a "OEMLock" EFI variable to see if the device is locked or not. Like with some of my previous adventures changing hidden BIOS settings, this EFI variable is hidden from the OS as soon as the OS calls ExitBootServices, but we can use the same modified grub to change this EFI variable. After booting from an USB stick with the relevant grub binary installed as "EFI/BOOT/BOOTX64.EFI" or "BOOTIA32.EFI", entering the
following command on the grub cmdline will unlock the bootloader:

setup_var_cv OEMLock 0 1 1

Disabling dm-verity support is pretty easy on these devices because they can just boot a regular Linux distro from an USB drive. Note booting a regular Linux distro may cause the Android "system" partition to get auto-mounted after which dm-verity checks will fail! Once we have a regular Linux distro running step 1 is to find out which partition is the android_boot partition to do this as root run:

blkid /dev/mmcblk?p#

Replacing the ? for the mmcblk number for the internal eMMC and then for # is 1 to n, until one of the partitions is reported as having 'PARTLABEL="android_boot"', usually "mmcblk?p3" is the one you want, so you could try that first.

Now make an image of the partition by running e.g.:

dd if=/dev/mmcblk1p3" of=android_boot.img

And then copy the "android_boot.img" file to another computer. On this computer extract the file and then the initrd like this:

abootimg -x android_boot.img
mkdir initrd
cd initrd
zcat ../initrd.img | cpio -i

Now edit the fstab file and remove "verify" from the line for the system partition. after this update android_boot.img like this:

find . | cpio -o -H newc -R 0.0 | gzip -9 > ../initrd.img
cd ..
abootimg -u android_boot.img -r initrd.img

The easiest way to test the new image is using fastboot, boot the tablet into Android and connect it to the PC, then run:

adb reboot bootloader
fastboot boot android_boot.img

And then from an "adb shell" do "cat /fstab" verify that the "verify" option is gone now. After this you can (optionally) dd the new android_boot.img back to the android_boot partition to make the change permanent.

Note if Android is not booting you can force the bootloader to enter fastboot mode on the next boot by downloading this file and then under regular Linux running the following command as root:

cat LoaderEntryOneShot > /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/LoaderEntryOneShot-4a67b082-0a4c-41cf-b6c7-440b29bb8c4f
Tags: android, baytrail, cherrytrail, fedora

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